Pre Home Assignments

Learning Activity 1: Meditation on the Passage: Students should read the passages in this unit minimum 3 times. After reading each paragraph, close the eyes & think about the paragraph content for a few minutes.

Learning Activities for Live Class Session:

Learning Activity 1: Arrange a discussion in your class about the knowledge development in children. One student anchoring the program.

Learning Activity 2: Two pupils sit face to face as Piaget and Brooner and talk and argue their view points about cognitive development. One student anchoring the program.

Learning Activity 3: Group Discussion: Arrange a Group Discussion like in TV. All students are participating in the discussion.

Round 1: Purpose and objectives of learning and practicing the content in this theory unit
Round 2: How to apply the knowledge and the ideas in this unit in your life, career and in society.

Learning Activity 4: Learning activity as per students’ choice. Conduct a learning activity as per the choice of lesson activities coordinating group.

Self-Home Assignments & with classmates:

Learning Activity 1: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech in 5 minutes about Jean Piaget’s contributions.

Learning Activity 2: TV Interview with Expert: One takes the role of an Anchor and another one takes the role of Jerome S Brooner. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.

Individual & pair learning activities as Post Home Assignments:

Learning Activity 1: Piaget says that, child in the pre mental operations stage (2- 7 years) can concentrate only on one fact of an incident having many facts and specialties. Make a list of learning activities in your Theory assignment book (approx. 3 A4 pages) suitable for this age pupil based on the above idea.


The thinking power and intelligence development of human beings is very wonderful. In short, the development of thinking power is Cognition Development. Listening, Memorizing, Symbolizing, Classifying, Planning, Justifying, Solving, Logic Thinking, Imagination etc. are included in Cognition Development.

Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget found that the thinking process in children and grown up people are different. He called children as small scientists. Piaget’s contributions can be divided into two categories viz. the cognition development happens and the stages of cognition development and their features. He arranged cognition development in four important stages:-
Sense Motor Stage (from birth to two & half age): Piaget says that, one year old child believes that existing things which are seen in front of his/her eyes have only life. He says that, after reaching one and half years of age, children understand that things still exist after moving from their vision. In this age children get capacity to involve with surroundings and utilize the five senses and its motor skill. They get the ability to keep the activities of elders in their memory and imitate them in the next day or later.
Pre mental operations stage (2 years to 7 years of age)
Piaget says that children use symbols, instead of things and persons in this age. For eg: Play with pillows by imagining it as her/his own child. He says that these are the beginning steps for language development.
In this stage children always think about everything from their own side only. They cannot see things or incidents from the other side. Children consider all things as having life and its specialties. Children did not have the skill to connect new experiences (issues) with old experiences logically. Piaget says that, child in this stage can concentrate only on one fact of an incident having many facts and specialties.
Sharp Mental Operations Stage (7-11 ages): The child in this stage can connect new experiences (issues) with old experience (issues). Any child can only solve issues of sharpness or concrete with the help of mental pictures formed in the mind. For e.g.: Every day, a child goes to school alone if there is a mind picture of the way to school in his/her mind.
Formal Mental Operations Stage (12 year & above): Children in this stage fully prepare for abstract and logic thinking. They are able to form determinations and through thoughts they are able to form self-conclusions.

Jerome S. Brooner

Like Piaget, Jerome also considered cognitive development as the base of child development. He agreed with Piaget in the case of the basic ideas of cognitive development. But he disagreed with Piaget in the fact that cognitive development is happening in a specific age naturally. He said that any idea can be taught suitably to anybody. That is, not the age, but the complexity of the idea becomes important in cognitive development. There are three stages for absorbing any idea in to mind:
a) Action Stage: According to Brooner, action is the basic stage of any idea. For e.g. how we understand the number 4, by counting four stones, by seeing four legs of animals. How we learned the idea of democracy, by keeping a queue in group discussions, participating in class leader selection etc.
b) Idol Stage: This second stage is the formation of ideas through idols. After getting an idea about number 4 through actions, next the child does counting, addition, subtraction etc. by visualizing things in the mind. They can create idols because; things already understood are there in the child’s mind.
c) Symbolic Stage: Symbolic stage is the stage in which formation of ideas and solving problems by using symbols, signals etc. E.g.: 4 – 2 = 2 can find out without any additional thinking in this stage.

Module Developed by: Baba Alexander

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