SYLLABUS OF THEORY 2 CHILD PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 4 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DAY 5
Pre Home Assignments
Learning Activity 1: Meditation on the Passage: Students should read the passages in this unit minimum 3 times. After reading each paragraph, close your eyes & think about the paragraph content for a few minutes.
Learning Activities for Live Class Session:
Learning Activity 1: Skit: Make and present a skit based on Social Development in Children by forming students into 4 or 5 members groups.
Learning Activity 2: Pair Talking: Two pupils sit face to face and talk about chances they got in their school/ college time for getting social development.
Learning Activity 3: Imaginary activity practice: On the basis of Erich H. Erickson’s findings, all pupils make a flashback about their positive childhood experiences with closed eyes by using all five imaginary senses. One student / faculty guiding this practice starting with short meditation.
Learning Activity 4: Group Discussion: Arrange a Group Discussion like in TV. All students are participating in the discussion.
Round 1: Purpose and objectives of learning and practicing the content in this theory unit
Round 2: How to apply the knowledge and the ideas in this unit in your life, career and in society.
Learning Activity 5: Learning activity as per students’ choice. Conduct a learning activity as per the choice of lesson activities coordinating group.
Self-Home Assignments & with classmates:
Learning Activity 1: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech about the social life of a man going over eight crisis stages according to Erikson.
Learning Activity 2: Pair TV Interview with Expert: One takes the role of a social worker and another one takes the role of Albert Bandura. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Learning Activity 3: Pair Talking: Two pupils sit face to face and talk about chances they got in their school/ college time for getting social development. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Individual & pair learning activities as Post Home Assignments:
Learning Activity 1: Preparation of letter: Prepare a letter in 2 A 4 pages to any Television Channel authorities about the negative influence of television programs in children by denoting negative type of programs through the television.
Learning Activity 2: Field Study: Make a field study near to your house about the influence of television and other visual media in children and make a report in Theory Assignment Book in 2 A4 pages.
Learning Activity 3: List Making: Make a list of Do’s and Don’ts for parents in your Theory assignment book (approx. 2 A4 pages) based on the findings of Erich H. Erickson.
Learning Activity 4: Experiment: Conduct an experiment like Albert Bandura about social development in children and write your findings in 2 A4 pages in the Theory Assignment Book.
Man is a social animal so getting skills in social dealings is very important in development. Getting acquainted with social life is a very important criteria in one’s personality development.
Erik Homburger Erikson
According to Erikson the social life of a man goes over eight crisis stages. If they overcome each stage successfully, then they can achieve a successful and effective social and mental life. The stages are described below:-
a. Basic belief / unbelief:
If a child get care and belongings up to the age of one /one and half, he/ she feels faith and safety about his/her surroundings. If not, he/she express unbelief and insecurity.
b. Self-sufficient / shyness:
If a child gets good guardianship in between 1.5 to 3.5/ 4 years of age, he/she shows more self-sufficient and self-control. If we prevent it by saying don’t do it more times, the child will develop more shyness.
c. Take initiative / guilt:
From 3.5 to 6 years of age, children show more imagination, effort to show skills in plays, tendency to lead others etc. If they are not getting chances or permission to show these things, they become fearful, show shyness in group activities and show no imagination.
d. Activeness / Shyness (7 to 12 years of age):
In this stage Erikson called school age, children interact with their similar age children effectively, change into more systematic plays and take learning as seriously. Children who do not complete the previous stages successfully, may show shyness and fear in this stage.
e Personality Formation / Personality Trouble:
From 13 to 20 years of teenage stage, who am I? What is my role in society? Like that, different questions may come. The children need to solve these issues and need to identify his/her correct role in the society. Erikson says that such people get a successful life in future / later.
f Strong relation / Loneliness:
He says that young age is a period of feeling a strong friendship or relationship. If it is not possible, they feel loneliness.
g Creativity / stillness:
If anyone did not get gratification in middle age as a guardian, the result will be stillness.
h Integrity / Despite:
After 60 years of age, if any person did not get satisfaction about their past period, he/ she may reach in contempt and spite.
Bandura found that visual media influences children very much and they imitate and depend on the way of behaviour of parents and elders. To prove these conclusions, he conducted an experiment with children and with Bobo puppets.
He showed a video of a television model cruelly attacking a big puppet. After showing the video allowed the children to sit in a room having beautiful play equipment. But they did not show any interest in playing with those equipment’s. After that they were brought into a room and showed a puppet the same as in the video. Then 33% of the children started to attack the puppet cruelly.
In short, observation and imitation is the base of social development. Bandura found that, an incident or phenomenon if observed carefully, it exists in our long term memory and it becomes a social habit. He also found encouragement, prizes etc. stimulates the formation of habits.
Module Developed by: Baba Alexander