SYLLABUS OF THEORY 4 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT, NUTRITION, NURSING & WELFARE OF CHILDREN. Unit 3 AYURVEDA, SIDDHA, UNANI & NATUROPATHY- AN OVERVIEW DAY 6-8

Pre Home Assignments

Learning Activity 1: Book Reading & Review Writing: Read minimum 3 books relating to Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Naturopathy & write reviews about those books in 1 A 4 page (each book).

Learning Activities for Live Class Session:

Learning Activity 1: Guest Class: Arrange a subject expert’s class in English about AYURVEDA/ SIDDHA/ UNANI/ NATUROPATHY. Invite an English fluent guest who completed a Diploma or Bachelor course in the above area to the centre for giving a class and clearing the doubts of trainees. If any trainee is able to do this, give chance to her. Other trainees take the roles of welcome speech, presidential speech, vote of thanks, anchoring etc.

Learning Activity 2: Share Experience: Two pupils sit face to face and share their experiences relating with Ayurveda/ Siddha / Unani / Naturopathy treatment done by them or their other family members. Then changing pairs and continuing with other students.

Learning Activity 3: Discussion: Arrange a discussion about ‘natural way of living’. The findings from the discussion should be written in 2 A4 pages in your Theory Assignment Book.

Learning Activity 4: Seminar: All trainees should bring seminar essays, in English not more than 3 A4 pages, and read at the forum. All trainees should participate in the discussion about the essay. Subject: ‘proper disease, proper treatment’.

Learning Activity 5: Group Discussion: Arrange a Group Discussion like in TV. All students are participating in the discussion.
Round 1: Purpose and objectives of learning and practicing the content in this theory unit
Round 2: How to apply the knowledge and the ideas in this unit in your life, career and in society.

Learning Activity 6: Share field visit experience: Everyone sharing their experience regarding their visit to a nearby Organic farming place or Naturopathic treatment/ awareness centre and the observed things there.

Learning Activity 7: Learning activity as per students’ choice. Conduct a learning activity as per the choice of lesson activities coordinating group.

Self-Home Assignments & with classmates:

Learning Activity 1: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech about Ayurveda and its specialities in front of the mirror by following all the formalities and techniques of public speech.

Learning Activity 2: Pair TV Interview with a Health Worker: One takes the role of a specialist in AYURVEDA / SIDDHA / UNANI / NATUROPATHY and the other one takes the role of an anchor. Sub: Health care in that medical branch. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.

Learning Activity 3: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech about ‘healthy life, what to avoid & what to adopt’ in front of the mirror by following all the formalities and techniques of public speech.

Individual & pair learning activities as Post Home Assignments:

Learning Activity 1: List Making: Make a list of diseases having better treatments in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Naturopathy.

Learning Activity 2: Short Poem Making: Make a short poem as your own about beautiful nature in English and write it in your Theory Assignment Book.

Learning Activity 3: Notes Making about different Allopathic Branches: Search on the internet & prepare notes in brief in your own words regarding different Allopathic branches such as Neurology, Urology, psychiatry etc.

Learning Activity 4: Field Visit: Visit any nearby Organic farming place or Naturopathic treatment/ awareness centre and observe things there and talk with them in English. After the visit write a report about the visit in 1 A4 page in the Theory Assignment Book.

Learning Activity 5: (Optional): Meeting an expert and talking: Meet any Siddha or Unani Medicine therapist in your locality and talk with him/her in English about Siddha / Unani Medicine and treatment.

Learning Activity 6: (Optional): Medicinal Garden: Collect Medicinal plants and make a Medicinal Plant garden in your house.

AYURVEDA

Ayurveda, the science of life (the combination of 2 words-ayu-life, veda- knowledge) is one of the most ancient medical sciences of the world. It is considered as the Upaveda of Atharvaveda and has thus its origin from Vedas, the oldest recorded wisdom on the earth (6000 B.C.) Ayurveda is survived through two sets of original authentic texts each consisting of three books viz, (1) Brihattrayi (2) Laghutrayi and (3) Bhava Prakasha. The universe, according to Ayurveda, is composed of five basic elements of the Pancha Mahabhootas, namely Prithvi (earth), Apya (water), Teja (fire) and Akash (ether). As a human body is similarly constituted, there is a fundamental harmony between universe and the macrocosm. Ayurveda believes in the theory of Tridosha i.e. vata, pitta and kapha, theory of Saptadhatu ie. Rasa (body fluids), Rakta (blood), Mamsa (muscles), Medas (fat), Ashti (bones and joints), Majja (bone marrow), Sukra (semen) and Ojas ( vital essence) and the theory of Trimalas ie. Mutra (Urine), Pureesa (faeces) and Sveda (sweat). The balance state of all these factors is called health and when this balance is distributed it results in disease. Ayurveda advocates a complete primitive, preventive and curative system of medicine through eight major clinical specialties namely (1) Kayachikitsa (medicine), (2) Shalya Tantra (surgery), (3) Shalakya (disease of eye, ear, nose and throat), (4) Kaumarabhritya (paediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology), (5) Bhutavidya (psychiatry), (6) Agada Tantra (toxicology), (7) Rasayana Tantra (nutrition, rejuvenation and geriatrics), (8) Vajikarana (aphrodisiacs)

According to Ayurvedic, health is the dynamic integration of environment, body, mind and spirit. Ayurveda, the science of life lays great emphasis on preservation and promotion of health thereby preventing diseases. Elaborate description is available on personal hygiene, which includes diet and regimen during daily routine (Dinacharya), seasonal routine (Ritucharya) and behavioural and ethical principles. Observance of certain rules regarding suppressible and non-suppressible urges also paves way towards positive health. In Ayurveda the process of learning, research and clinical practice are scientific and evidence based. Ideal treatment according to Ayurveda is one, which cures the disease without causing any side effects. The diagnosis in Ayurvedic medicine is based on a twofold approach to diagnostics viz. (1) Examination of the patient i.e. rogipariksa; (2) Examination of the disease i.e. roga-pariksa. Specific diet is prescribed along with the drugs and treatment. The regimen of diet is as important as remedies since the former helps to restore the balance as much as the later. The object of curative treatment in Ayurveda is to restore the balance of Doshas, Dhatus and Malas. Three classical therapeutic streams advocated by Ayurveda are (1) Daivavyapasraya chikitsa (Divine therapy), (2) Yuktivyapasraya Chikitsa (rational therapy) and (3) Sattvavajaya (psychotherapy).

Ayurvedic Home Remedies for Children Ailments

1. Cough and Cold (Irritation in the chest & throat, headache etc.)
(a) 1-2 gm. powder of equal parts of Black Pepper, Long Pepper (Pippali) and dry Ginger with Honey, 2-3 times a day or (b) Paste of one segment of bulb of Garlic, boiled in water with 5-10 gm. of sugar, twice a day or (c) 1-2 gm. powder of fried Turmeric with Honey, thrice a day.

2. Vomiting (White, yellow or green colored frothy vomiting, drowsiness etc.)
(a) Powder of fried seeds of 1-2 Cardamom with Honey, thrice a day or
(b) Lemon juice 5-10 ml. mixed with water and pinch of salt, 2- 3 times a day or (c) 5 ml. lime juice mixed with sugar at one hour intervals.

3. Abdominal pain (Pain around navel)
(a) Powder Ajowa fruits (Ajwain ) 1 gm. with lukewarm water, 2-3 times, at one hour interval or
(b) Paste pinch of Asafoetida (Heeng) with lukewarm water to be applied on and around the navel area.

4. Diarrhoea (Frequent watery stool) (a) Take Pulp of Bael, 2-3 gm., twice daily or (b) 5-10 gm. Powder/paste of Pomegranate (Dadim) twice a day with honey or (c) Powder of Nutmeg (Jaiphal), 125 mg-250 mg with lukewarm water, 2-3 times a day.

5. Constipation (Difficult and hard stool) (a) Paste of Chebulic myrobalan (Harad) with black salt, thrice daily or (b) Isabgol husk 3-5 gm., with milk at bed time. or (c) Raisin (Munakka) and Chebulic myrobalan, 2 gm. Each, with milk at bed time.

SIDDHA

Siddha medicine dates back to 2000 B.C., originated in Southern India. The word Siddha is derived from ‘Siddhi’ meaning ‘an object to be attained’, ‘perfection’ or ‘heavenly bliss’. According to Siddha, the human body is composed of 96 Tathuvangal, 72000 blood vessels and 1300 nerves. Besides these, there are 10 Nadi (vital arteries), 10 Vayu (vital pranas) and 14 Veganal (natural functions). All of them play important roles in different functions of the body. Siddha also recognizes the role of humoral theory called Mukkuthram (Vatham, Pittam, Kapam). These humors remain in a balanced state in normal healthy people and any disturbance in their equilibrium leads to ill health. Siddha texts ‘Varma Kannadi’ and Varma Suthiram’ have described 108 vital points which are located on vital junctions of arteries, veins, nerves, joints etc. and are called ‘Varmanilaigal’. Siddha physicians use specialized technique ‘Varma’ on these points giving pressure to cure specific ailments.

UNANI MEDICINE

The Unani system of medicine owes, as its name suggests, its origin to Greece. It was the Greek philosopher-physician Hippocrates (46-357 BC) who freed the realm of superstition and magic, and gave the status of science. The theoretical framework of Unani Medicine is based on the teachings of Hippocrates. After Hippocrates, a number of other Greek scholars enriched the system considerably. The humoral theory in Unani presupposes the presence of four humors- Dam (blood), Balgham (phlegm), Safra (yellow bile) and Sauda (black bile) – in the body. The temperaments of persons are expressed by the words sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic according to the preponderance in them of the respective humors- blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile, respectively. The humors themselves are assigned temperaments: blood is hot and moist, phlegm cold and moist, yellow bile hot and dry, and black bile cold and dry. Every person is supposed to have a unique humeral constitution, which represents his healthy state. And to maintain the correct humeral balance there is a power of self preservation or adjustment called Quwwat-e-Mudabbira (Medicatrix naturae) in the body. If this power weakens, imbalance in the humeral composition is bound to occur. And this causes disease. In Unani medicine, great reliance is placed on this power. The medicines used in this system, in fact, help the body regain this power to an optimum level and thereby restore humeral balance, thus retaining health. Also, correct diet and digestion are considered to maintain humeral balance. Another distinctive feature of the Unani system of medicine is its emphasis on diagnosing a disease through Nabz (pulse), a rhythmic expression of arteries, which is felt by fingers. Other methods of diagnosis include examination of Baul (urine), Baraz (stool) etc.

NATUROPATHY

Naturopathy is not just a treatment but also a way of life. Ailment is eradicated from its root. Other hidden problems are also cured. There are no side effects because no medicines are used. Naturopathy works in two ways- first it makes the patient get rid of his ailment speedily; secondly, it educates him to remain healthy in future.

FOR HEALTHY LIFE WHAT TO AVOID & WHAT TO ADOPT

Avoid – Adopt

1. White sugar – Jaggery, honey
2. Maida or fine Atta – Rough Atta and porridge sprouted wheat.
3. Polished rice- Hand grounded rice
4. Fried vegetables- Raw and boiled vegetables.
5. Tea and coffee- Basil, saunf and chaff tea or soup
6. Pickle- Fresh chutney
7. Sweets- Dates, raisins, sweet fruits.
8. Red Chillies- Pepper and green chilli
9. Soft drinks & canned food- Lemon, honey in water, coconut water
10. Non veg. food- Veg. food
11. Over eating- Eating less
12. Use of salt- Only boiled vegetables
13. Cooked food- uncooked food
14. Heavy food- Digestive food
15. Fast food- Fruit diet
16. Atta without fibre- Atta with fibre
17. Eating late in night- Eating three hours before sleeping
18. Eating without appetite- Not eating without appetite.

Module Developed by: Baba Alexander

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