SYLLABUS OF THEORY 4 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT, NUTRITION, NURSING & WELFARE OF CHILDREN. Unit 4 HUMAN ANATOMY & TIPS FOR HEALTH DAY 9-10
Pre Home Assignments
Learning Activity 1: Book Reading & Review Writing: Read minimum 1 book relating to HUMAN ANATOMY and write reviews about that book in 1 A 4 page (each book).
Learning Activity 2: Reading passage: Should read the passages in this unit minimum 3 times & should do all preparations and practices in its maximum.
Learning Activity 3: Tips Collecting: Collect maximum tips related to Eye, Ear, Dental, Skin, Hair, Face, Tongue etc. from books & internet etc. & write it in your Theory Assignment Book in 5 A 4 pages.
Learning Activities for Live Class Session:
Learning Activity 1: Pair Reverse quiz: Conduct a Reverse Quiz as pairs relate with Inner organs in the human body.
Learning Activity 2: TV Talk show: health care and beauty tips: Share the knowledge in health care and beauty tips with others and clear the doubts of others. MC’s invite one by one to participate in the program. Write the notes in ‘My Daily Assignment Book’ too.
Learning Activity 3: Guest Class: Arrange a subject expert’s class in English about human anatomy and systems in body. Invite an English fluent guest who learned in the above area for giving a class and clearing the doubts of trainees. If any trainee is able to do this, give chance to her. Other trainees take the roles of welcome speech, presidential speech, vote of thanks, anchoring etc.
Learning Activity 4: Group Discussion: Arrange a Group Discussion like in TV. All students are participating in the discussion.
Round 1: Purpose and objectives of learning and practicing the content in this theory unit
Round 2: How to apply the knowledge and the ideas in this unit in your life, career and in society.
Learning Activity 5: Learning activity as per students’ choice. Conduct a learning activity as per the choice of lesson activities coordinating group.
Self-Home Assignments & with classmates:
Learning Activity 1: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech about metal health and the ways to build mental health in front of the mirror by following all the formalities and techniques of public speech.
Learning Activity 2: Pair TV Interview with a Health Worker: One takes the role of a specialist in mental health and the other one takes the role of an anchor. Sub: Mental health care and effective tips for mental health. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Learning Activity 3: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech regarding body and important body care tips in front of the mirror by following all the formalities and techniques of public speech.
Learning Activity 4: Pair TV Interview with a Health Worker: One takes the role of a specialist in body care and the other one takes the role of an anchor. Sub: regarding body and important body care tips. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Individual & pair learning activities as Post Home Assignments:
Learning Activity 1: Make a simple CrossWord puzzle relating to Human Anatomy in your Theory Assignment Book.
Learning Activity 2: Collect 25 Ayurvedic beauty tips for making the face & body beautiful & write in your Theory Assignment Book.
Learning Activity 3: Collect 20 Naturopathic fitness tips for making the body fit & beautiful & write it in your Theory Assignment Book.
Learning Activity 4: Collect 10 Ayurvedic hair care tips & writing in your Theory Assignment Book.
Learning Activity 5: Collect 15 Ayurvedic weight reducing tips & writing in your Theory Assignment Book.
What is Human Anatomy?
Human anatomy can be precisely defined as a complementary basic medical science, which deals with the scientific study of morphology of the human body. In simpler words, human anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body.
Subdivisions of Human Anatomy
There are two main levels of structure of the human body (as well as every other thing): macroscopic level and microscopic level. For each of the two levels, there is a separate subdivision of anatomy. The one dealing with macroscopic level is known as gross anatomy and the other which deals with microscopic level is called microscopic anatomy or histology.
In gross anatomy, the structure of the human body is studied as seen by naked eye. There are two approaches for gross anatomy:
Regional approach and Systemic approach
In a regional approach, the human body is divided into regions like arm, forearm, wrist etc and all structures within that region are studied simultaneously. Whereas in systemic approach, the body is divided into organ systems such as skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system etc. and structures belonging to one system are studied together. This website follows the systemic approach. Visit “Body Systems” for detailed study of each system of the human body.
Histology or microscopic anatomy is the study of the structure of various organs and tissues of the human body under a microscope. The understanding of the ultra-structure helps understand the tissues and organs in a better way.
In addition to the main subdivisions of human anatomy described above, a third branch, called basic anatomy, is considered of significant importance. It explains the basic terms and definitions used in the study of gross as well as microscopic anatomy. Thus it provides an introduction to anatomy and tells how to study it.
Human Body Systems
Male Reproductive System
Female Reproductive System
Practicing Good Eye Care Habits
Visit an eye care practitioner regularly.
Take your contacts out at the end of the day.
Remove your eye makeup at the end of the day.
Use allergen-reducing eye drops sparingly.
Wear UV protective sunglasses.
Wear goggles when appropriate.
Get plenty of sleep.
Clean your eyes.
Eat more fresh fruit.
Drink enough water.
Avoid direct sunlight.
Use cucumber slices on your eyelids.
Do not read in dim light.
Take your contacts out at the end of the day.
Remove your eye makeup at the end of the day.
Use allergen-reducing eye drops sparingly.
Caring for Your Teeth:
Brush gently with a soft toothbrush each morning and each evening. When you brush you should do so for at least two minutes.
Use fluoride toothpaste. Fluoride protects the enamel and makes you less likely to get cavities.
Floss daily: Take the time to floss thoroughly by flossing each side of the tooth down to the gum line to remove plaque and debris.
Brush or scrape your tongue.
Easy ways to protect your ears and your hearing health:
Use earplugs around loud noises.
Turn the volume down.
Give your ears time to recover.
Stop using cotton swabs in your ears.
Take medications only as directed.
Keep your ears dry.
Get up and move.
Manage stress levels.
Avoid carpets as much as possible.
Don’t let dust accumulate in your home.
Clean your house regularly.
Maintain proper humidity levels in your home.
Avoid smoking or inhaling second-hand smoke.
Natural tips to take care of tongue:
1. Salt: Sprinkle some salt on your white tongue and scrub gently with a toothbrush for a minute. Then rinse thoroughly with warm water. Also, mix 1 teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Gargle with this salt water thoroughly and then spit it out. Never store the oral rinse in a clear plastic bottle. Take a length of dental floss and wet the entire piece with TheraBreath Oral Rinse. Gently clean your tongue with a tongue scraper or toothbrush. Rinse off the tongue scraper or toothbrush and apply a small amount of TheraBreath Toothpaste.
Cleaning Your Face:
Buy a facial wash made from natural ingredients. Avoid fragrances in your face washes as these can irritate sensitive skin.
Blend honey and lemon to make a face wash.
Mix a facial scrub from sugar.
Apply a facial mask made from oatmeal.
Wash your face twice a day.
Natural ways for great hair:
More and More people are turning towards Ayurveda for their hair loss problem. Hair loss can be embarrassing and hamper one’s self esteem and confidence. When treated, early hair loss can be reduced and even stopped completely.
Ayurveda for hair loss
Ayurveda believes that hair fall control is very much associated with the body type and also the stability of your mind-body structure. Ayurveda considers the hair as a by-product for bone formation. The tissues which are responsible for formation of bones are also responsible for your hair growth. Hair fall is considered to be a problem of pitta dosha in Ayurveda and excess of Pitta dosha in the body is the chief cause of hair problems. Ayurvedic hair loss treatment measures are known for their effectiveness. Usually the Ayurvedic treatment for hair loss includes diet, meditation, yoga, and yes, we cannot forget medicated herbal oil massage.
Ayurvedic Dietary Recommendations for Hair Loss:
As hair fall is considered a problem of pitta dosha, you need to identify the bad eating habits that are contributing to the increase of pitta in your body. Pitta is increased by excessive intake of tea, coffee, alcohol, meats and excessive smoking. Pitta is also aggravated by eating too much fried, oily, greasy, spicy, sour, and acidic foods.
Useful Dietary Tips:
— Aloe vera: Take 1/3rd cup of aloe vera juice. Instead of this, you can also take 1 tbsp of aloe vera gel with a pinch of cumin thrice a day for 3 months for hair fall control.
— Drink fresh juices of carrot, alfalfa, lettuce and spinach for aiding in hair growth.
— Sesame seeds: A spoonful of white sesame seeds each morning can be a great source of magnesium and calcium. They are very effective hair loss checkers.
— Yoghurt: Consuming yoghurt everyday reduces hair fall to a large extent. It is a trusted remedy for hair related problems.
— Green leafy vegetables and fruits: No one can underestimate vegetables and fruits for preserving hair fall, as they are rich in fibre which are excellent in preventing hair fall.
— Vitamin C, vitamin B-complex, zinc, sulphur and some important fatty acids are very important to make the roots of your hair strong. You can find these nutrients in sprouts, yeast, buttermilk, nuts, milk, soy beans and whole grains. Include these in your diet and you can expect to reduce your hair fall in a few months.
— Drink plenty of water. You do need to flush out the toxins that have accumulated in your body and drinking water is the best of doing it.
— Alcoholic drinks have animosity with good hair so you should better avoid it.
Yoga and Meditation for Hair Loss Treatment:
Inverted asanas such as Sarvangasana that tend to reverse the gravity on the body are best suited for treatment of hair loss. They stimulate the flow of blood to the head. Make sure you practice such asanas under the guidance of a yoga teacher. What you must additionally do is practice deep breathing exercises to control stress, anxiety and keep your mind balanced.
Ayurvedic Herbs recommended for Hair Loss Treatment:
Bhringaraaja: known as king of the hair, promotes hair growth on the head and effectively stops and reverses balding and premature greying. It helps to calm the mind, promoting sound sleep. Bhringaraaja (Eclipta prostrata) is taken internally and used externally as Bhringraj oil and is an excellent rejuvenator
Brahmi: This hair pack is available in most Indian grocery stores and used with curd is an excellent hair pack.
Amla: Indian gooseberry is packed with Vitamin C and thus loaded with antioxidants. In powdered form it can be mixed with henna, brahmi powders along with curd to make a great hair pack.
Neem: This is a natural remedy against dandruff and lice and also has blood purifying abilities. Use in powdered form with coconut oil or curd to massage the scalp.
Ritha: These are natural soap nuts that are used for cleaning hair without stripping off the natural oils. Use in powdered form to massage scalp and wash off thoroughly.
Ashwagandha: weakened immune system is one of the factors for hair loss. Ashwagandha makes you feel energized and healthier. It stops stress, increases vigour and helps regrow lost hair.
Medicated Herbal Oils and Massage:
There are different types of oils useful in hair fall – coconut oil, amla oil, brahmi oil, arnica oil or mustard oil. Honey can also be used to stimulate growth in hair follicles. Apple cider vinegar can also be used for fast hair growth.
Tips for Caring Lips:
Soft, pink and healthy lips are a true asset to one’s personality, although not all are blessed with one. However, lips need only little care to make it appear naturally beautiful. Discussed below are solutions for common lip problems and tips for beautiful lips.
Remedy for Chapped / Dry Lips
Some causes of chapped and dry lips are over exposure to sunlight, less water consumption, lack of vitamin A, B and C, skin disorder of any kind, riboflavin deficiency, use of allergic cosmetic products, smoking or alcohol consumption. Cut down smoking / alcohol consumption completely. Massage lips daily with almond oil or olive oil. Apply ghee, butter, or milk cream daily at bed time. This will keep lips soft.
Drink enough water to keep your lips supple.
Honey, being a natural moisturizer, can heal dry lips. Apply honey and wash it after some time with plain water. Dip black tea bag in warm water and place it on lips to add moisture to dry lips.
Remedy for dark lips
One of the most common reasons for dull and dark lips is smoking. Stress can also take its toll by making your lips dark. Also regular use of cosmetics and lipsticks, particularly use of low grade products, can make your lips dark. According to ayurveda, lips tend to crack, become painful and dark when vata dosha increases. This vitiated vata can be normalized by applying warm ghee infused with vata balancing herbs. Rub lemon juice to remove the darkness of lips.
Make a granular paste of olive oil and sugar. Apply it on your lips and rub this mixture in a round motion. This will work as an exfoliator giving your lips a natural shine and colour. Cut down on excess coffee intake and beverages as they darken the lips. Applying milk cream regularly for months, will make lips pink. Grind white sandal powder and apply on lips to get pink lips Cut a piece of beetroot and rub gently on lips Make a paste of almond, and mix it with glycerine and apply on the lips Consume at least 5 Indian gooseberries daily to remove darkness and add that pinkish glow to your lips. Drink tender coconut water every morning on an empty stomach. Eat a balanced diet and drink plenty of water.
MENTAL & EMOTIONAL HEALTH
For a healthy life it is essential to be without tensions. Tensions have a detrimental effect on the nervous system, digestion, sleep, blood pressure, muscles etc. leading to toxicity and innumerable diseases.
Indication of mental Tension
1. Sleeplessness or disturbed sleep, nightmares.
2. Irritability and anger.
3. Talking about my own problems.
4. Unable to concentrate.
5. Chewing nails and shaking the knees while sitting
6. Fear of unexpected happenings.
Freedom from Tension
1. The easiest way to achieve freedom from tension is to have a positive attitude.
2. Early morning walk, exercise, yoga asanas, pranayama, meditation and yoga – nidra are extremely useful to remove tension.
3. Try to find out the root cause of problems and find their solutions because problems come with their solutions and new opportunities come.
4. The remote control of your happiness should be in your own hand, not in another one else. If you get tensed up due to something said or done by others, it indicates that the remote control of your happiness is in others hands.
5. Welcome criticism because it is useful for you.
6. Accept situations and people as they are.
Module Developed by: Baba Alexander