THEORY 1: SYLLABUS BOOK FOR THEORY NEW METHODOLOGY OF SCHOOL EDUCATION
DAY 1 – 3: UNIT 1: HISTORY AND IMPORTANCE OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATION AND NCDC ETHICS
Pre Home Assignments
(Prepare the below assignments minimum one day in advance before the daily live class.
Learning Activity 1: Read passage: Should read the text content in this unit minimum 3 times and should do all the preparations by using other sources and media in its maximum.
Learning Activity 2: Write Biography: John Amos Cominious, Jeen Jacquis Russo, Hentrich Pestlossy, Ougust Frabell, Maria Montessori, Mahathma Gandhiji, John Duie, Vigodski, Jean Piaget, B. F. Skinner, Brooner etc. are the major contributors in the field of preschool education. All the students prepare biographies of each person in one A 4 page in their theory assignment book by including their main ideas and contributions. If their photos are available, paste that also together with the biography. The Internet, books, magazines and other sources can also be used for getting the details. A brief contribution of some of these people are described in this unit.
Learning Activity 3: Prepare an attractive powerpoint presentation: All the students prepare attractive powerpoint presentations regarding major school philosophers & educators with their photos by including their contributions & highlights.
Learning Activity 4: Prepare and write your own Ethical Codes in your own words in 4 A 4 pages in your Theory Assignment Book based on all the Ethical Codes given in this Syllabus Module Book.
Learning Activities for Live Class Session:
Learning Activity 1: PowerPoint Presentation function: Arrange a powerpoint presentation function of school philosophers. Five students (selected by lotto from all students) present the prepared power point regarding major school philosophers & educators. Maintain the flow of the program as a normal function. Two students become Judges and tell the judgment and marks. One student acts as the anchor.
Learning Activity 2: Speech: Write each contributor name on a small piece of paper. Fold or roll them and keep together. Let one trainee pick one from the lot as a lotto pick and give a speech about that person for about 2 – 3 minutes. After that remove that contributor name from the lotto and continue the process with remaining lots.
Learning Activity 3: Group Discussion: Arrange a Group Discussion. All students are participating in the discussion.
Round 1: Purpose and objectives of learning and practicing the content in this theory unit.
Round 2: How to apply the knowledge and the ideas in this unit in your life, career and in society.
Learning Activity 4: Face to face Interview: Two pupils sit face to face like a TV interview. One acts as preschool philosopher (Eg. Jeen Jacquis Russo). The other one asks questions to him by assuming the other as Jeen Jacquis Russo.
Learning Activity 5: Skit: Cominious opposed punishing children. Make a skit by forming a 5/6 trainees’ group and present it by including his conversations with parents who prefer punishing children.
Learning Activity 6: Reality Show: Conduct a Reality show like in TV. Each student becomes each preschool contributor and presents his/her contributions in front of the judges..
First round: Brief self-introduction round.
Last Round: Verbal debate of preschool contributors.
Two students become Judges and tell the judgment and marks. One student acts as the anchor.
Learning Activity 7: Pair Reverse Quiz game with school philosophers: One student keeps a Preschool contributor name in mind and the other student makes a guess by asking questions to her. Then change roles and continue the game.
Learning Activity 8: TV Group Discussion: Arrange a discussion as the same four groups about the importance of preschool education. The findings from the discussion are written in 2 A4 pages in your Theory Assignment Book. One student acts as the anchor.
Learning Activity 9: Guided Imaginary Activity practice with closed eyes: Sub: Importance of preschool education. Child hood experiences become stronger & deeper than any other time. Bring all the pupils to a positive childhood experience by using all five imaginary senses. Faculty / one student gives verbal guidance.
Learning Activity 10: Delivering Speech: Each student delivers a speech regarding the ‘Ethical Policy’ written in ‘Student Hand Book’. Write the numbers of all Ethical Code in small pieces of paper. Fold or roll them and keep together. Let one trainee pick one from the lot as a lotto pick and give a speech about that point for about 2 – 3 minutes. After that remove that number from the lotto and continue the process. Two students become Judges and tell the judgment and marks. One student acts as the anchor.
Learning Activity 11: TV Group Discussion: Arrange a discussion as the same four groups about the Ethical Codes written in this Module syllabus book. One student acts as the anchor.
Home Assignments with classmates:
Learning Activity 1: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech about each Preschool philosopher in front of the mirror by following all the formalities and techniques of public speech.
Learning Activity 2: Face to face Interview: Two pupils sit face to face like a TV interview. One acts as preschool philosopher (Eg. Hentrich Pestlossy). The other one asks questions to him by assuming the other as Hentrich Pestlossy. Continue the same with other philosophers too. Appreciate each other & do thrilling things. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Learning Activity 3: TV Panel Discussion: Arrange a TV Panel discussion as 5-6 members groups about the importance of preschool education. One student acts as the Moderator. Appreciate each other & do thrilling things. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Learning Activity 4: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech about each ‘Policies & Pledges’ in front of the mirror by following all the formalities and techniques of public speech.
Learning Activity 5: TV Group Discussion: Arrange a discussion as 4-5 members groups about the ‘Policies & Pledges’ written in this Module syllabus book. One student acts as the Moderator. Appreciate each other & do thrilling things. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Individual & pair learning activities as Post Home Assignments:
(Please practice / prepare the below assignments after finishing the live class. Faculty prepare the individual / pair / group list for this and put it in their respective study group. Students have to forward the audio clips of the Post Learning Individual, Pair & Group activities, photos of the writing assignments and other learning materials to their respective WhatsApp study group.
Learning Activity 1: Face to face Interview: Two pupils sit face to face like a TV interview. One acts as preschool philosopher (Eg. Dr. Maria Montessori). The other one asks questions to her by assuming the other as Dr. Maria Montessori.
Learning Activity 2: Deliver Speech: Deliver and record short speeches in 3- 5 minutes about 2 preschool educators other than written in this book.
Learning Activity 3: Letter writing: “All the moral and intelligent powers should grow up in the man from themselves. Artificially we cannot create it”- Hentrich Pestlossy. Write a letter to an editor of an English newspaper in 2 A 4 pages about parents’ insistence on their children to follow their view points and interests. The same letter is also to be written in the Theory Assignment Book. Any other subjects related with children can also be used.
Learning Activity 4: Family History & Tree: Write your brief family history in 2 A 4 pages with a family history tree. If it is available you can draw or paste your great grandparents, grant parents & parent’s pictures or photos in that.
Learning Activity 5: Deliver Speech: Deliver and record short speeches in 3- 5 minutes about 2 Ethical Codes written in this book.
Major Contributors in Preschool Education
John Amos Cominious (1592-1670): He developed a practical method for teaching preschool children by including pictures and pictorials in the text books. His main contributions are:
a. usage of imaginary things in learning,
b. learning by doing and experiencing,
c. teachers keep a soft and gentle behaving to children,
d. learn more from nature etc.
Jeen Jacquis Russo (1712-1778): His book, ‘Emeen’ made him popular as a philosopher. His main contributions are:
a. education should be suitable to the age and the development of children,
b. teacher should be the guide to children and the method should not be artificial,
c. teach not verbally but with experiences,
d. in a freedom environment only children skills develop,
e. education we approach in a psychological way.
Hentrich Pestlossy (1746-1827): His story-writing book, ‘Leonard and Jartrude’ he mentioned his ideas about education. His main contributions are:
a. consider all children as equal and give education,
b. getting sense experiences and observation are the basis of education,
c. teachers should respect the personality of children,
d. education use as a media for social changes,
e. through education children should get intelligence and moral development etc.
Ougust Frabell (1782): He is the person who started Kindergarten School and implemented the play way method in nursery education. He published a book in the name, ‘Human Education’. His main contributions are:
a. he made a play way method for educating small children,
b. he understands the value of crafts and made a clear and practical method in it,
c. he gave more priority to children self-study,
d. in a freedom environment only children skills develop,
e. he tried to increase social values among children etc.
Maria Montessori (1870-1952): She made a revolution in preschool education by connecting the medical profession and education.
Montessori schools are institutions centred on the Montessori Method of learning. This method, founded by Dr. Maria Montessori over a hundred years ago, emphasizes the curiosity, creativity and self-motivation of the child and stresses independence. This ‘child cantered’ approach to education differs from traditional methods in several major ways. Perhaps the most notable feature of Montessori schools in the classroom itself, where multiple age groups learn within one environment. Children in Montessori classrooms range from age two and up, with no distinction in education levels. Thus, an eight-year-old learns side-by-side with a three-year-old to simulate a real-life social environment and promote peer learning. Younger children learn from the older ones, while the older children are able to practice teaching things they already know.
Montessori classrooms are also designed to foster independence and exploratory learning. In these classrooms, students are given the freedom to choose what to learn and to set their own pace. The classrooms have multiple interactive spaces, each dedicated to a different academic area, such as language, sense, math and science. Children are encouraged to explore these areas in the order that interests them, and they often end up working closely with other students to explore these areas together. Despite the autonomy, teachers in Montessori schools are by no means passive or uninvolved. Rather, the teachers work alongside students, guiding them through their exploration of the classroom, answering questions and facilitating group work. They are highly involved in this self-motivated learning process.
Her main contributions are:
1. The Montessori Method is an approach to education which emphasizes the potential of the child.
2. It attempts to develop this potential by means of a prepared environment utilizing specially trained teachers and special teaching materials.
3. The areas of child development include the physical, cognitive, social, emotional and spiritual needs of the child.
4. The method is activity oriented. These activities are simple & easy to understand from the start to finish. This is not a play method.
5. The method gives equal importance to the activities of social behaviour.
6. Children are motivated by their own needs and desire to learn rather than by external rewards and punishments.
7. Montessori education aids a harmonious development of the mind and body.
8. Children are helped to be in charge of their learning & also themselves.
9. Children are also helped to see, understand and respect differences. They appreciate one another, value the qualities of others and are generous to each other.
10. Montessori does not present knowledge to the child but rather creates an environment which allows children to discover knowledge for themselves.
Importance of scientific preschool education:
A baby takes birth with millions of brain cells. As per Nero psychology, learning is the formation of connections between the neurons in brain cells. The connections between neurons become extreme at the time of reaching age two. This is the reason behind the high learning aptitude seen in childhood. If we can give correct and scientific learning experiences in this age that leads to revolution in child development. If the child didn’t get good experience or received more negative experiences then, it leads to negative development and may lead to backwardness in mental, emotional, intellectual, social development etc. So here lies the importance of giving scientific childhood education to all children.
VOCATIONAL COURSES IN CHILD EDUCATION: POLICIES & PLEDGES
We, the Students of NCDC, take this pledge regarding the Ethical & Quality aspects of our course. The Faculty & Students read each point minimum 3 times written below & need to take a pledge regarding following it in our course & personal life.
1. Truthiness: I know the value of Truthiness. Nature is built up with the principle of truth. I never lie or do lies or never insist others to say or do lies. I never give any false information to anybody for being benefited out of it. I will report all the details regarding the class & practices in a truthful way to the field & phone in quality evaluators of NCDC & other officials in NCDC.
2. Language: I know the main aim of the organization- Making One Language in the World. So I will promote this concept. I will become a spokesperson of this motto by using English in all my formal & informal communication with classmates, NCDC former students, my faculties & my officials in NCDC. I will talk with strangers also in English and thereby create a necessity for them using universal language. I will implement the Language Methodology following in NCDC in all my walks of life. For securing a job also the informal communication capacity in English is mandatory. I understand that the informal usage of English in my day to day affairs is the only way of building fluency in English and also I am helping my family members in improving their English. I know that, by sticking on English, I am conveying the message & motto of the organization to the general public. Because of globalization & advancement in communication devices, I can’t survive with regional languages. By following the universal language (English), my chances & possibilities become universal & thereby it increases my dignity, my earnings, my status etc. & I can become a universal citizen. I know that NCDC is providing the Methodology & Platform only. It is my responsibility to utilize this Platform & Methodology.
3. Punctuality: I know the universe is going smoothly because of the timing system of stars & planets. So the timing system is very important for the smooth functioning of myself & my organization. I will regularly come to class on time & I will finish the topics & practices based on my Day Schedule & Syllabus. I will insist my fellow students to follow the timing system followed in NCDC. I will pay the fee on time & I will insist on my class mates also. I will finish the assignments in time. In the absence/ late arrival of Faculty, I will take initiative to start class on time.
4. Methodology: I know NCDC stands & conducts courses for making structural & qualitative changes in the field of education & universe. So I will stand for that. I will convince & implement this Methodology in my future job roles. I know that my role is of a ‘Facilitator’ not a ‘Teacher’. Today’s education is a student oriented and activity oriented system.
5. Quality Policy: Quality is not a policy, it is my necessity. I know that without making & maintaining quality, I can’t survive in this world. ‘My quality is my necessity’ & is the means of my inspiration. I understood that Easy Communication Skills in English, Confidence in my Actions, Presentation Skills, Decision Making Power, Creativity, Good Manners etc. are the quality elements, the modern world looking in an individual.
6. Face of Organization: Organization remains in the paper only. But the people working in the organization, faculties, students etc. in the organization give faces & arms to it. As a part of this organization, I know that my immature behaviour, words & expressing emotions without understanding the situation & people, will spoil the organization’s name and fame.
7. Maturity & Morality: I am practicing a glorified profession. I know the dignity and value of a teacher in society. I know that the Methodology followed in this training makes rapport with other students. But I never misuse the rapport for my other personal benefits. I never misuse the contacts I get through my organization for any other purpose. I never discuss my class mate’s personal matters in the class in their presence or absence. I encourage my classmates to keep away from their fellow students’ personal matters. I know my classmates belong to different age levels & are coming from different backgrounds. I treat all my classmates equally. I will make my words, emotions, actions, dressing etc. mature. I will never insult anybody in front of others. I will create a friendly & happy atmosphere in the class.
8. Holistic Approach: I will keep a holistic approach in dealing with my classmates & officials in NCDC.
9. Money: I will never give any money in the Faculty’s hand. The entire fee I will remit in the NCDC bank a/c only.
10. In Charge: I know that my faculty & officials etc. in NCDC are giving rating, instructions & advice for improving me & maintaining my quality. All remarks I will take in a positive way. I never keep any personal bias or prejudices against anybody in the class or in the organization. I never keep any superiority / age complex with anybody in the class. I will take others’ criticisms in a positive way.
11. Good Human Beings: I know that organization stands for making socially useful human beings in the society. I will impart the values and good things I am getting from the organization such as: love & care the fellow beings, protect the plants, animals & nature, spreading positive energy & happiness to others, see the goodness & positives only in others, appreciate others positives, be always grateful and gratitude, keep in touch with positive energy people, always keeps smiling face etc.
12. Discussion with Superiors: The difficulties or any problem I am facing from the class mates, I will discuss and find solutions with the help of my Faculty only. Faculty related difficulties I will inform & discuss with my Quality Evaluators only. I will follow only the positive experiences from others in my life.
13. My Development: I know that the organization stands for human development by giving a platform to learn and develop. I know that my development, my happiness, my progress etc. are 100% based on my initiative, my effort, my performance etc. in the learning practices. I will always try to find my mistakes and laziness rather than complaining or blaming others.
14. Sincerity & commitment: I know that I am paying a fee for getting results & benefit from the course. Moreover I am spending my valuable time and energy for getting a job & result. I will never waste my time by engaging in unnecessary chatting in the local language, sitting without any activities etc. I will always be sincere to my own improvement. I will complete the academic year by utilizing all the facilities, chances & tools given to me. I will show others my commitment and dedication. I will always be sincere & show gratitude to the organization for the benefits, developments etc. getting through the organization. I will show my gratitude to my Faculty & fellow students also.
15. My suggestions: I will put 100% of my mind and efforts for the growth of the organization. Together with the organization I can also grow. So I will put my contributions, suggestions, ideas etc. for the growth of the organization. I know that the organization follows a participatory system in all aspects.
16. Records: I will make & maintain all the records, assignment books and materials related with my studies and practices with utmost care. Records talk for me, to my officials and examiners regarding my practice and performance in the class. I will not lend any works, projects or records to my classmates for copying or for submitting to the quality evaluator’s and practical examiners.
17. Neat & Clean: I know that as per Indian concept, study place should be treated as a holy place. So I will keep my study place neat, tidy and clean.
18. Division of work & practices: I know that learning by doing is the strategy we use in our training. By getting chances only one gets confidence and develops skill. So, I will utilize all the chances given to me. I never try to dominate myself in front of my Faculty or other students. I know that humbleness is the sign of greatness in a person.
19. Planning & working in advance: I know that planning is the vital element to success. I will plan my studies & practices. I will avoid doing things at the last moment.
20. The following are my inspiring quotes:
“My improvement in skills and quality is my necessity & that is the means of my survival”.
“My quality and my happiness is my necessity and making these are my responsibility”.
Module Developed by: Baba Alexander