SYLLABUS OF THEORY 2 CHILD PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 PRE- PHYSICAL & MOTOR DEVELOPMENTS DAY 3
Pre Home Assignments
Learning Activity 1: Meditation on the Passage: Students should read the passages in this unit minimum 3 times. After reading each paragraph, close your eyes & think about the paragraph content for a few minutes.
Learning Activity 2: Think and prepare a list of activities in 2 A4 pages suitable for giving to children in childhood to enrich their physical and motor skills.
Learning Activities for Live Class Session:
Learning Activity 1: Pair Talking: Two pupils sit face to face and share their experiences regarding physical and motor development of children near to their locality.
Learning Activity 2: Group Discussion: Arrange a Group discussion about Physical and motor development in children by forming trainees into 7 or 8 members groups.
Learning Activity 3: Learning activity as per students’ choice. Conduct a learning activity as per the choice of lesson activities coordinating group.
Learning Activity 4: Group Discussion: Arrange a Group Discussion like in TV. All students are participating in the discussion.
Round 1: Purpose and objectives of learning and practicing the content in this theory unit
Round 2: How to apply the knowledge and the ideas in this unit in your life, career and in society.
Self-Home Assignments & with classmates:
Learning Activity 1: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech about physical and motor development in small children and the common tendency in physical and motor development in small children.
Learning Activity 2: Pair TV Interview with Expert: One takes the role of a health worker and another one takes the role of an anchor. Sub: Things to take care of the physical and motor development of small children. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Individual & pair learning activities as Post Home Assignments:
Learning Activity 1: Prepare a chart showing the order of motor skill development by cleanly observing children between birth to six years of age in your house or nearby.
Learning Activity 2: Make a comparative study in the growth and physical development of boys and girls up to the age of 18 and write your findings in the Theory Assignment Book in 2 A4 pages.
Motor development is the development of power, speed, clarity, minute and coordination of different muscles in the body.
The big muscle development means the development needed to control the movement of muscles like leg, thigh, foot, hands etc. It gives abilities for dancing, physical activities for different jobs.
The minute muscle development is the development of small muscles in fingers, wrist etc.
This helps for activities like write, draw, tear, cut, paste etc.
The co – ordination of the big and small muscles is important together with their growth. The weight and height of the child at the time of birth is different and the volume is personal. But it is one determining factor in the later development.
The child takes birth with a little ugly figure having a narrow neck, width less shoulders and big head. The child gets the correct figure at the end of the infancy period.
The number of bones at the time of birth is 350. Later it mingles and reduces to 206. The soft and slipping bones harden at the end of the infancy stage. The milky teeth form between 9 months and two years of age. Then around six years of age permanent teeth form by replacing the milky teeth.
The small sized heart and lungs at the time of birth forms into maturity (extreme end of growth) like other organs. The growth of blood vessels is faster than the growth of the heart. The growth of sexual organs is very slow in childhood and gets faster by approaching teenage.
The boys gain more weight and height than girls at birth. This continues usually up to the age of 12. Usually girls get more growth than boys between the age of 12 and 15. After that boys get more speed in growth.
The factors affecting physical development.
The child’s growth is very speedy from birth to first year. From one to five years growth is steady and comparatively slow. We need to give more care in keeping cleanness in body and surroundings at this period. Any diseases affected in this time may create severe after effects later.
Giving children a balanced diet includes fruits, fibers, grains, greens and cereals. Don’t give any packed or tinned food at this age. Malnutrition may affect development and may invite diseases.
Improper body growth ratio, lack of intellectual development, absence of work experiences, practicing minute movements before big movements, fear, absence of encouragement etc. may badly affect physical and motor development.
Common Tendency in Physical and Motor Development
1. The whole body of the child responds towards stimulations at the beginning stages of growth. E.g.: Children express happiness by shaking the whole body.
2. The development and coordination of big muscles happens firstly in children.
3. The head is the first part of the body that evolves in motor development. Child lifts and holds his/her head around 2 months after birth.
4. Use legs, hands, eyes, cheeks etc. without being aware about left or right in the beginning stages of growth.
5. There is no scientific basis that fatty kids are healthier than lean kids. More than that, lean kids stand on top in getting motor skills.
Module Developed by: Baba Alexander