SYLLABUS OF THEORY 2 CHILD PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 8 INTELLIGENCE DEVELOPMENT DAY 9-10
Pre Home Assignments
Learning Activity 1: Meditation on the Passage (as home assignment): Students should read the passages in this unit minimum 3 times. After reading each paragraph, close your eyes & think about the paragraph content for a few minutes.
Learning Activity 2: Preparing List: Prepare a list of learning activities in 4 A 4 pages suitable for preschool children to improve each intelligence area separately.
Learning Activities for Live Class Session:
Learning Activity 1: Discussion: Arrange a discussion regarding Multiple Intelligence theory. Discuss this subject by forming trainees into 7 or 8 members groups. One student anchors the program.
Learning Activity 2: Question Answer session: Arrange a Question Answer session for parents in a school about Multiple Intelligences in children and the ways to develop different Intelligences in children. Expert panel members answer the questions and doubts of parents. One student anchors the program.
Learning Activity 3: Pair talks: Two people sit face to face and talk about their own intelligence face status based on Multiple Intelligence theory.
Learning Activity 4: Speech: Write the name of each intelligence face in a small piece of paper. Fold or roll them and keep together. Let one trainee pick one from the lot as a lot to pick and give a speech about that intelligence for about three minutes. After that remove that lotto from the lotto and continue the process with the remaining lotto. Internet, books, magazines and other sources they can use for getting more ideas about Multiple Intelligence Theory. One student anchors the program.
Learning Activity 5: Quiz: One person prepares questions regarding Multiple Intelligence Theory and conducts a Quiz competition in class.
Learning Activity 6: Group Discussion: Arrange a Group Discussion like in TV. All students are participating in the discussion.
Round 1: Purpose and objectives of learning and practicing the content in this theory unit
Round 2: How to apply the knowledge and the ideas in this unit in your life, career and in society.
Learning Activity 7: Skit: Make and present a skit based on Multiple Intelligence Theory by forming students into 5 or 6 members groups.
Learning Activity 8: Face to face Interview: Two pupils sit face to face like a TV interview. One acts as Howard Gardner. The other one asks questions regarding Multiple Intelligence Theory to her by imagining that she is Mr. Gardner.
Learning Activity 9: Learning activity as per students’ choice. Conduct a learning activity as per the choice of lesson activities coordinating group.
Self-Home Assignments & with classmates:
Learning Activity 1: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Write the name of each intelligence face in a small piece of paper. Fold or roll them and keep together. Pick one from the lot as a lot to pick and give a speech about that intelligence for about three minutes. After that remove that lotto from the lotto and continue the process with the remaining lotto. Internet, books, magazines and other sources they can use for getting more ideas about Multiple Intelligence Theory.
Learning Activity 2: Pair talks: Two people sit face to face and talk about their own intelligence face status based on Multiple Intelligence theory. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Learning Activity 3: Self Speech in front of Mirror: Do a Self-Speech in 5 minutes in front of mirror. Sub: Application of Multiple Intelligence Theory in school and class rooms.
Learning Activity 4: Face to face Interview: Two pupils sit face to face like a TV interview. One acts as Howard Gardner. The other one asks questions regarding Multiple Intelligence Theory to her by imagining that she is Mr. Gardner. Faculty prepare the list & put it in the group.
Individual & pair learning activities as Post Home Assignments:
Learning Activity 1: Make Chart: Write the basic ideas and uses of Multiple Intelligence Theory (13 points) in a Chart paper in an attractive way.
Learning Activity 2: Observation: Observe any one or two small kids near to your house and identify their major intelligence faces and discuss it with their parents in English.
Learning Activity 3: List Making: Arrange your own intelligences in the order of priority. Prepare a list of activities suitable for the development of your different intelligences in your Theory Assignment Book.
Intelligence is the special quality that reflects in one’s behaviour. Understanding skill, logical thinking power, impression capacity, speed, mind control, vigilance, problem solving skill, abstract thinking etc. are the symbols of intelligence. Brilliancy, intellect, wisdom, technique, cleverness etc. words we used to substitute intelligence. According to D Wechsler, intelligence is the capacity of a person in all ways to think logically, act positively and make harmony effectively with different environments.
The famous American scientist Howard Gardner, approached intelligence on the basis of three ideas (Multiple Intelligence Theory):
a. Intelligence is not a single unit. Different Intelligences are there. They all are independent.
b. The status of one intelligence part may differ from the status of other intelligence.
c. Different intelligences interact with each other and joints and work together to solve a problem.
Gardner explains about nine types of intelligence. It is not in the same quantity in all people. But, in all people these have small ratios. He says that, absence of any intelligence in any one may distort intelligence and personality. Situations determine and introduce the perfection of intelligence in all people.
a. Linguistic Intelligence: All people have an inborn language device and people living in any culture have the capacity to use language. The language skill device is situated in the Broca and Wernicke parts of the brain. Deaf people get their own language with the help of this device. The combining skill of sounds, the hearing capacity, rhythm, the meaning of words, usage of exact words, reading, writing, timely usage of words, speed, speaking, humour, creativity etc. are the functions and parts of language intelligence. Writers, Public speakers, journalists etc. having this intelligence more.
b. Logical and Mathematical Intelligence: Gardner says that logical thinking, finding the mutual relationship between ideas, abstract thinking etc. are done with the help of this intelligence. Skill of problem solving, keep the order and system, involving in observations and experiments, self-checking and make sure, scientific way of evaluation, forming conclusions, guessing, finding questions and doubts, handling logical and mathematical problems, finding and understanding the links logically, untie traps etc. are the symbols of the presence of this intelligence in a person. Scientists, Mathematicians, Chess Players etc. have this intelligence more.
c. Spatial Intelligence: This intelligence helps a person to mark a particular place, guess the way, know the direction, to understand the 2 dimension picture in 3 dimensions, to picture a thing in different angles etc. This intelligence helps blind people to identify things. In short, this intelligence helps a person to make mental pictures and identify its position, figure, order, direction, promptness etc. from the visual universe and things. Its position is on the right side of the brain.
d. Musical Intelligence: It is an intelligence to make manifestations in rhythm and in melody and to enjoy music. Identify the sound, rhythm, melody etc., enjoy music, find happiness in music, sing songs, compose music, play musical instruments, approach music scientifically etc. are the symbols of this intelligence.
e. Bodily Kinetic Intelligence: It is intelligence to control and express skill in body movements. This intelligence helps to control, make flexible, compile and achieve speed of the movements related to small and big muscles.
The left part of the brain controls the right part movements and the right part of the brain controls the left part of body movements. Patience, flexibility, speed, permanence, planning, compiling, endurance etc. are the symptoms of this intelligence. This intelligence is more in actors, sports people, dancers, martial artists etc.
f. Interpersonal Intelligence: This intelligence helps one to interact with others, to understand others, to form behaviours by interpreting others behaviours etc. Everyone needs to make behaviours suitable to society by considering others feelings, thoughts, mental condition, likes and dislikes, motive factors, stands, needs, purpose etc. This is an important intelligence needed for success in life and social development.
g. Intra personal Intelligence: This intelligence helps to identify one’s own power and deficiencies, control emotions and mental tensions and increases confidence and will power. People having this intelligence can approach criticisms creatively, approach life pleasantly and peacefully, think independently, self-evaluate and improve etc.
h. Naturalistic Intelligence: Enjoy nature, find out the relationship between nature and life, make harmony with nature and other co-creatures etc. are the outcomes of this Naturalistic intelligence.
i. Existential Intelligence: It helps one to find out the meaning of his life and make his life meaningful. Understanding about the existence of a person in this universal setup will make his life successful and model. Great people like an ascetic, philosopher, Yogi etc. have this intelligence more.
The basic ideas and uses of Multiple Intelligence Theory
1. Man having intelligence types that cannot be measured with conventional examinations.
2. All intelligence parts are present in all people. But its ratio and effectiveness is not equal.
3. Different intelligent faces exist independently and work together.
4. It is very important to give chances to all people to develop their multi intelligence for individual and social development.
5. All intelligent parts need to develop because all are worked together.
6. Give priority for the development of a specific intelligent part of a person showing interest and aptitude. Give more chances and activities for the development of that part.
7. If anyone gets positive opportunities in any intelligent part, he gets progress in that part.
8. Inborn Intelligence faces may go backward without getting positive opportunities.
9. By observation and evaluation we can find out which intelligent face keeps on top.
10. Arrange different learning activities in any idea or subject by considering the multi-faceted possibility of intelligence.
11. Multiple intelligent faces relate to each other. So the Integrated approach is suitable for learning.
12. Find possibilities of music, work experience, observation, physical exercise, mathematics, acting, thinking, evaluation, discussion, debate, research etc. in all subject & learning activities.
13. Encourage all talents in children by seeing that all are part of their personality.
Mentally Retarded (MR)
A person having no intelligence growth on the basis of age compared with a normal person, we can call him as Mentally Retarded. It is not a guilt or deficiency. So we do not isolate these people. These people can generally be grouped in to three categories:
a. Persons who can be provided education
b. Persons who can be trained for certain skills and activities.
c. Persons who completely need others’ help.
The first two categories can be made self-sufficient by giving education and non-technical training. For these people there are enough special schools having trained caretakers in our country. So referring these people to that school is very important.
Module Developed by: Baba Alexander